Topic ID #38972 - posted 11/22/2017 1:41 PM



ArchaeoSpain Program:
Dates 2018: August 5 -25

Confloenta was a Roman city, today located 7 km. from Sepulveda (Segovia) in central Spain, next to the confluence of the Duratón and Serrano rivers. The city was founded by the consul Tito Didio between 95 and 94 a.C., after Rome conquered these territories to the Celtiberian people of the Arévacos (Ptolomeo, 2,6,55). The Romans moved the population of Sepulveda located in an strategic place easy to defend, to the plain, where Cofloenta was built. As its name in Latin indicates, the new city was located at a crossroads between the cities of Segovia-Termes, and Clunia-Complutum, the first urban nucleus by Somosierra, a mountain pass that divides the two great Spanish plateaus. These routes were also used for transhumance or cattle traffic from the North where they grazed in summer, to the South where they moved in winter.


​After some important Roman remains were found, among which stand out some mosaics, the first excavations took place in 1795, directed by the famous architect Juan de Villanueva. Investigations were restarted in 1942 and 1949, with the excavation of the Visigoth necropolis on one side of the beautiful Romanesque church that stands at one side of the site. This necropolis is one of the most important in Spain with 666 excavated tombs, many of which had rich grave goods today exhibited in the Museum of Segovia.
A new research program has recently started under the direction of Santiago Martínez, director of the Archaeological Museum of Segovia. Excavations have focused on the southern access where hot springs have been discovered. A large corridor with a big sewer undernith has been identified, a large reception room or vestibulum paved with a geometric theme mosaic, and a room with hydraulic mortar floor apodyterium, a sauna or laconicum, and two spaces equipped with hippocaustum and suspended floor for hot baths: caldarium and tepidarium.


We will be staying at a local house with a beautiful garden in Sepúlveda, 7km from the site.
Sepúlveda is a very picturesque and beautiful town in the province of Segovia, Castile & León. It was an important Celtiberian settlement in the Iron Age. The town is first mentioned in the Chronicle of Alfonso III. In 1111 took place the Battle of Candespina  in Sepulveda lands, that resulted in the independence of Portugal.


The archaeological program of Confloenta won't be complete without the historical and fun excursions to the nearby towns and natural parks​ .
Full day excursions:

Segovia is a World Heritage City northwest of Madrid, in central Spain's Castile and León region. ​Hoces del Rio Duratón Natural Park. The river Duratón has excavated deep gorges in this park, which today is a spectacular refuge for numerous birds of preySan Frutos. The temple is a Romanesque construction of the 12th century built over another visigoth construction of the 7th century.Fuentidueña. Small city with the  latin name of Fons DomineSepúlveda The town lies next to the Hoces del Rio Duratón National Park. Turégano.  30 km from Segovia. Turégano, on the Pirón River Romanesque Route. Cuéllar. Cuéllar is a town that lies to the north of Segovia province. Its walls, castle and San Martín church were declared to be National Historical and Artistic Monuments. 


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